ATalking History Project

 

The McKay Commission

(New York State Special Commission on Attica) Hearings


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Commission Sessions and Summaries

New York City Hearings ~ April 25, 1972 (Morning)

PDF files:   part 1   part 2

Summaries and Witnesses:

Part 1: New York City Public Hearings, pages 1572-1630. Mr. Liman begins the public hearings with a presentation by Andrew Liddle. Liddle explains the theory behind the assault plan of the New York State Police. Liddle gives an overview of the training, function, and purpose of the state police. Liddle describes the various types of firearms used by state policemen. John Monahan, state policeman, testifies to the commission about his experiences during the retaking of Attica prison.

Part 2: New York City Public Hearings, pages 1630-1701. John Monahan continues his testimony concerning the risks associated with an assault of the prison. Monahan explains how men were selected and organized, what commands they were given, and under what circumstances the troops were supposed to use firearms.

New York City Hearings ~ April 25, 1972 (Afternoon)

PDF files:   part 1   part 2   part 3

Summaries and Witnesses:

Part 1: New York City Public Hearings, pages 1701-1748. Carl Jamalkowski, a corrections officer at Attica, testifies about the assault on Attica starting around 9:45am Monday morning. He recalls the initial burst of firearms at inmates, and the general chaotic atmosphere that ensued afterwards. Ronald T. Kozlowski, a senior account clerk at Attica Correctional Facility, reports how he was taken hostage in the metal shop. He describes how the inmates handled him before and during the state troopers' assault of Attica.

Part 2: New York City Public Hearings, pages 1748-1805. Anthony Malovich, a captain in the New York State Police, testifies to the commission. Assigned to Troop A in Batavia, New York, he details his involvement with Attica starting on September 9th. Malovich discusses the police briefing before beginning the assault on Monday. He describes under what circumstances officers were allowed to shoot at inmates. Liman explores the types of firearms used by the state police with Malovich.

Part 3: New York City Public Hearings, pages 1805-1826. Joseph Christian, a Lieutenant of the New York State Police, testifies to Liman and the rest of the commission about his experiences during the Attica uprising. Liman asks Christian about the troopers' choice of weapons. Christian explains how during the assault on Attica, he was injured by one of the inmates.

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